City sovereignty: insights from inside airBnB for new urban policies (the case of San Francisco) 2018/11/13
Quan: des de 13-novembre-2018 fins a 13-novembre-2018 · Hora: 16:30 - 17:30 · On: Gran Via Venue, HALL 1 and 2, Fira Barcelona. Av. Joan Carles I, 64 08908 L’Hospitalet de Llobregat · (mapa)· Llengua:
The third edition of the Sharing Cities Summit will take place in Barcelona 12-15 of November 2018. It follows the previous edition of the Sharing City Summit held in 2017 in NYC, and in 2016 in Amsterdam. The event will gather Mayors and Deputy Mayors from leading cities from around the world, and actors of the sharing ecosystem, to discuss how the continuous growth of sharing economies impacts the life and economic development of the cities. The participants will consider what innovative measures can be taken to meet the challenges and opportunities we face, such as how to differentiate between digital platforms, based on the model of collaboration of its users that is applied. This year’s Summit will focus on defining a “Declaration of principles and commitments for a Sharing City”, and will stimulate concrete collaboration between cities.
After the Mayors encounter, on 12 November there will be a public event in the evening. On 13, 14 and 15 November, a part of this year’s Smart City Expo World Congress (SCEWC18), there will be topic at the congress dedicated to “Inclusive and Shared Cities“
The talks and debates of the summit are documented through collaborative reporting to Teixidora.
“… Speakers: Murray Cox (Inside AirBnB) and Peter Byrne (San Francisco Office of short-term rentals)
Apunts i cròniques
Apunts presos a l'esdeveniment, cròniques, ressenyes i documents de conclusions.
Apunts copiats al wiki:
City sovereignty: insights from Inside AirBnB for new urban policies (the case of San Francisco)
Share Barcelona 2018 - Sharing Cities Summit - 12-15 November 2018
Collaborative notes to be transferred to Teixidora.net, documentation to share and reuse.
(List of speakers separated by commas)
(Conference notes in chronological order)
Peter - I'm from the office of short term rentals in San Francisco and we are responsible for regulating short term rentals in San Francisco.
What was the impetus to start inside AirBnB?
Murray - I live in Brooklyn NY and I had finished some anti-gentrification projects, some journalists had published some concerning data that was different from what was being advertised by these companies.
Because I posted data publicly the office in the city of SF and they started using the data without asking me or telling me and they produced a report. The city put out a report that showed the negative impact.
Sometimes there is a political process that a city needs to go to in terms of having consensus before looking to regulate.
Peter - There was a lot of confusion or a lack of clarity about the impact short term rentals were having on neigbhourhoods. The data in SF really helped focus our energy and the strength of the conversation was really able to move forward. We able to hand data to inspectors and planners and aggregate data on people who were taking advantage. Data really empowers the agent on the ground.
What data is available? 224 data points that could include location, neigbourhood, how many people are looking at it, amenities nearby.
Murray - You can only see publicly available information. You cant see bookings or the exact address. You could see streets but airbnb removed that when cities started pursuing them for enforcement. The data can't tell us if its social housing or rental housing.
Peter - Overseeing registration and enforcement. There was no platform libility. We hadn't figured out how to get data into our day to day work. Absent input and absent cooperation from the platforms we had to find other ways to work. The mayors office published a letter on the front page of the SF chronicle to Short Term rental companies.
It often feels like whack a mole.
The apply for a license, they have to prove that they live there for over 90 days. The city issued 2000 licenses on this system.
Murray - It is difficulty for cities working with permit systems. 10% or 20% of compliance.
Peter - Legislation 2.0
The idea of some kind of platform accountability, a requirment for platforms to follow the rules of the city.
Leg 1.0 host based enforcement
Leg 2.0 platform enforcement
Anything good is not easy.
When cities try to bring in legislation. The immediatiate reaction is usually a law suit.
Platforms are required to inform host of registration needs.
Platform Libaility - In the past we were finding hosts responsible, but platform liability mean that we would fine the platform per day per listing.
It's tough to tell people no but its a good thing, preserving the availability of housing
Murray - This is a very unique result. Because you cant enforce them. In SF there was a drop of 50%
Get the data and democratise the data
From a policy point of view, cities are struggling to regulate this issue.
Every city has its own circumstances, in San Francisco it is expensive to live there, so it is not possible to turn houses into hotels.
Platforms will cooperate when they need, but they need rules, and the rules need to be clearly set out for them, if you continute to meander and don't let out concrete rules...
I don't think it is reasonable to expect platforms to comply
Peter - Negotiation is great if it helps you find a middle ground. Cities are now having this discussion about regulation.
Murray - When we got around to legislating things became very clear. We ended up creating our own api. We ended up creating a platform ourselves that platforms could use to exchange data.
Is there any relevant difference between european cities to those at the US? do you see patterns in the data.
Murray - If we talk about the data as a whole the most popular listings are Entire apartments. Entire apartment listings are a minority in Barcelona and I think this could be a result of regulation.
The number of hosts that have multiple listings varies from city to city depending on local enforcement.
Peter - narratives - short term rentals are for people to rent out their home,or if it for teachers...
20% of your inventory can make up 80% of your bookings.
when you want to bring clarity, maybe Barcelona is unique
Q. Enric Senabre - We are surrounded by people imaging the perfect city of the future. Do you see this kind of process taking place with regards other kinds of data that we are collecting in cities.
public policies to be improved
Peter - Data needs to be used responsibly. Data needs to be safeguarded. The way platforms are effecting our urban space is huge. Give the affordability crisis cities could scrape data from rental platforms to get a real time view of the situation in the city.
Murray - I work with civic hackers and open data initiatives. Propery use data should be in the public domain.
Peter - Collection of data is not about tracking people but managing the environment.
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Teixim una xarxa de connexions partint d'aquest esdeveniment: extraiem i etiquetem continguts de la documentació generada per explorar relacions amb altres esdeveniments, identificar narratives, elements pel debat i generar cartografia dels actors implicats.
Informació estructurada de l'esdeveniment que permet connectar-lo amb altres continguts a Teixidora.
Paraules clau: economia col·laborativa, sobirania urbana, intercanvi de casa, impacte socialAnti-gentrificació, dades, normativa, lloguer a curt termini, barris, habitatges, habitatges de lloguer, plataformes, sistemes de permisos, api, scrapping de dades, medi ambient
Projectes mencionats: Inside AirBnB
Organitzacions mencionades: AirBnB
Llibres i publicacions citades:
Resultats extrets del que s'ha tractat a l'esdeveniment.
Riscos / debilitats / mancances
- there is a political process that a city needs to go to in terms of having consensus before looking to regulate.,
- From a policy point of view, cities are struggling to regulate this issue of short term renting
Oportunitats / fortaleses
- The idea of some kind of platform accountability, a requirment for platforms to follow the rules of the city.,
- Platforms will cooperate when they need, but they need rules, and the rules need to be clearly set out for them,
- cities could scrape data from rental platforms to get a real time view of the situation in the city
Localització: Gran Via Venue, HALL 1 and 2, Fira Barcelona. Av. Joan Carles I, 64 08908 L’Hospitalet de Llobregat ·
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